Phonics is one method of teaching children how to read and write. Phonics is all about sounds. There are 44 sounds in the English language, which we put together to form words. Some are represented by one letter, like ‘t’, and some by two or more, like ‘ck’ in duck and ‘air’ in chair. Children are taught the sounds first, then how to match them to letters, and finally how to use the letter sounds for reading and spelling. Synthetic phonics refers to ‘synthesising’, or blending, the sounds to read words. It is based on the idea that children should sound out unknown words and not rely on their context.
At Springfield we use Letters & Sounds and Jolly Phonics resources to teach our children. EYFS and year 1 children have two phonics session daily.
At Springfield, we use a number of different phonically based reading schemes to give the children depth and variety in their reading experiences. Books are graded into colour-coded book band levels, and within each level there is a carefully planned progression of books. This ensures that each child has a book at exactly the right level for them. This fine progression gives children plenty of opportunity to develop their reading skills and master each fine step while moving through the reading programme.
In KS2 reading is usually taught in small groups called Guided Reading where the teacher will teach a particular reading skill and listen to the children read.